The SIT (Sistema Informativo Territoriale per i Beni Culturali) of the Italian National Territory or GIS for Cultural Heritage has been realized by researchers of CNR and University of Salento. The aim is research, protection, management of cultural heritage of the national territory. As a focus it uses the geographical positioned information for knowledge, preservation and increasing the value of the territorial cultural heritage. It is a very hard and useful tool for gathering, updating, processing and consulting all the Cultural Heritage and Environmental available Data of the national territory. Those last come from survey, aerial monitoring, researches, finalized cartography, bibliographical and archives information which are the necessary basic Form for every properly planned action on Environment and Historical Landscape.
Into this System are already collected hundreds of thousand Data, interesting different Regions as Latium, Puglia, Campania, Abruzzo. The Università di Siena, Seconda Università di Napoli, Università di Roma “La Sapienza” (that are collaborating with us), have the collection and management of the Data (gathered by themselves) of Tuscany, Campania, Basilicata and the city of Rome.
The CNR-(S.I.T.) GIS for Cultural Heritage Laboratory
Nowadays the research has been developed on the several Regions just mentioned. The Data Base of the SIT is organized as a function of territorial Data; it contains specific information on heritage evidences, but even on the environmental context, on conditions and peculiarity and way of acquisition of the single evidence. All these actions are related to the vector graphic mapping on the various cartography and to the representation of terrain conditions and visibility.
The SIT is a product of Public Research and it has been realized with the priority of enlarging scientific knowledge, particularly about archaeological heritage. Therefore it is primarily focused on knowledge, study and spread of material Heritage of ancient cities and territory. It lies on a complex of geopositioned cartographical basis, intented as a standardized technological environment for exchanging Data in synergy with other Administrations and Public Institutions (Ministry of Education, Ministry of Cultural Heritage, Regions, Provinces, Municipalities, Institutions in charge of protection and management of the national territory, Cultural Heritage Protection Groups of the Carabinieri and Guardia di Finanza), even related to a compatible planning. Well evident the organizing advantages and the application of functional criteria for management and funding that spring from a unitary system, usable in all levels (cadastre, networks and services management, census, territory planning and agricultural management, etc.) by all kind of local administrations and even by foreign administrations (applying or modifying it on the guidances [routine] of different Countries).